18 NOV 2013 - Wet Vents:
First thing I want to say today is on October 27, 2013 this world lost a great man. Bud Brumbley was my dad, my friend, my teacher, and my daily companion. I thank God for making this man such a big part of my life. We will always miss him much and do our best to continue his legacy.
Now to Wet Vents.
First of all, you are only allowed by the 2006 International Plumbing Code to wet vent bathroom fixtures. You can vent up to 2 bathroom groups on the same floor with one vent. The idea for wet vents comes from the understanding of how water and waste drains in the pipes. In a properly installed and functioning drain system, the water and waste products flow down the drain pipes and never completely fill the pipes. In vertica ldrain pipes, the water and waste products flow down the outside portion of the pipe and on a horizontial drain pipe the water and waste flows down the lower part of the pipe. This allows for air to move down these channels of air. With the allowance of air movement, the air pressure in the pipes stays neutral, which is what it needs to stay in order to keep the trap seals in place. Now the trick is for this type of venting to work properly, the drain pipes have to be oversized. For example, for this type of venting to working properly for a lavatory, the drain has to be at least 2 inches in diameter. Normally a lavatory only needs an 1 1/4 in diameter drain.
Wet venting is great way to save time and money. It also cut down on the amount of vent holes needed. Thats something that framers and carpenters all love.
Thanks again for reading!
20 OCT 2013 - Water Softeners:
Water obtained from deep wells contains disolved chemicals that originate in the deep rock strata where the water is stored for months or years. Most of these chemicals are calcium and magnesium carbonates. When this water is used without any treatment, the calcium and magnesium ions combine with the active conponents of soaps, thus requiring more soap to accomplish cleaning tasks. These ions also develop a precipitate called scum that reduces the cleaning ability of the soap.
The compounds also precipitate out against heated surfaces, producing what is commonly called lime scale in water heaters and boilers. Heavy deposits of this scale lead to early failure of such equipment. A partial solution to these problems is provided by a water softener. A softener contains chemicals that exchange calcium and magnesium ions for sodium ions so that after the water has passed through the softener, the water contains dissolved sodium salts. This treated water does not interfere with the action of soaps, and the lime scale is greatly reduced when this water is heated.
After a period of use, the softener chemical must be regenerated by placing a very strong salt solution in the softener, and then washing it out.
Water softeners also reduce objectionable odor associated with high iron content but not the higher iron content.
There are two types of water softeners. The first being Automatic Water Softeners and the other being the Electronic Water Conditioners.
Automatic Water Softeners comes in two types. The cabinet automatic water softener and the two-tank automatic water softener. They both operate in a similiar fashon, but the cabinet is a one piece system while the two tank has two pieces.
Water softeners on average cost between $500.00 to $2500.00 according to your needs.
Thanks for reading!